Shorter quotations two lines of verse or less than three lines of prose should be enclosed in single quotation marks and run on with the main text. UCL Home European Studies Current Students Essay Writing Quotations and referencing Quotations and referencing Quotations Verse quotations longer than two lines of verse and prose quotations longer than three lines of type should be indented. Bibliographical references MHRA On the occasion of the first quotation from a source or reference to it, whether primary or secondary, details should be given in full, together with the appropriate page reference, in a numbered note. The volume number should be given in Arabic numerals even if the journal which you are citing prefers the use of Roman numerals e. Palgrave Macmillan, , p.
This is when you reference one author who is referring to the work of another, and the primary source is not available Secondary referencing should be avoided if possible. Your Bibliography should contain full details of all works referred to in your essay and, where required, a list of title abbreviations adopted. It provides a stable, persistent link to the article you are referring to. In a long quotation, which is indented in a separate paragraph and not enclosed in quotation marks, the lines of a verse should be reproduced with exact lineage of the original e. Author surname, forename, Title of book , ed. Achievement is talent plus preparation.
Quotations and referencing
However, when referring to early historical works there are some exceptions. A quotation within a quotation should be enclosed in double quotation marks. If hod reprint is by the same publisher: Citing material from non-roman script e. A paraphrase means that you avoid using too many direct quotations, which can distract from the coherence of the argument you are presenting.
The title of the book should be given as it appears on the title page of the item. In the bibliography Author surname, forename, Title of reference worked. On the occasion of the poefry quotation from a source or reference to it, whether primary or secondary, details should be given in full, together with the appropriate page reference, in a numbered note.
MHRA: In-Text Citations
She straightens up, lays her hands flat on the ground, throws her head back and gazes at zenith. You should use pp. If a list contains more than one work by the same author a 2 em dash —— should be substituted for the name after the first appearance and they should be listed in alphabetical order tl title e.
UCL Home European Studies Current Students Essay Writing Quotations and referencing Quotations and referencing Quotations Verse quotations longer than two lines of verse and prose quotations longer than three lines of type should be indented. When quoting a piece of text poeyry 40 words it is advisable to use a long dash, known as an em dash — to introduce the quote in French and Russian.
Author surname, forename, Title of booked. Civitali, Matteo, Tabernaclec.
MHRA Footnotes referencing
What to put in your text References are given a superscript an Arabic numeral typed slightly above the line within the text which point to references given in full shown as numbered footnotes at the bottom of each page. Author surname, forename, Title of itemtrans. The author of an item may be a corporate author. Note the comma before the quote below, this means that the full stop will fall within the quotation mark.
Reprinted with minor corrections Guardians of the Galaxy: The problem with this view is that the closer psychologists look at the careers of the gifted, the smaller the role innate talent seems to play and the bigger the role of preparation seem to play.
When a page range falls within the thousands, and the last three numbers are within the same hundred you should write the page range ot follows: In a long quotation, which is indented in a separate paragraph and not enclosed in quotation marks, the lines of a verse should be reproduced with exact lineage of the original e.
Footnote Number Author forename surname, Title of itemtrans.
Quotations and referencing
Footnote Number Title of booked. The University of Chicago Press, Adding a footnote Each time you introduce an idea, thought or theory in your work that belongs to another person, a footnote number must be added. Zulu Press,p.
For Kindle or other e-reader see Book – electronic. Edition Detail, Notes The nhra name should be given as it appears on the title page. Kindle or other e-reader.
If you are accessing an item online and the material is not paginated, then you would include the location of cited materials in rounded brackets after the date you accessed the materials. Wherever possible, the details of the reference should be taken from the title page of the publication and not from the front cover, which may be different. Windgather Press,pp. Howard, 4 vols Eszay